Portfolio diversification – importance of choosing right asset class
Remember the game of hiding & seek you must have played as a child?
What was the strategy you implemented back then? Every member of the team should hide in a different place so that the seeker is not able to find all the players.
In essence, this is what diversification is all about when it comes to investing. Let us see in detail the benefits of diversification –
What is portfolio diversification?
Portfolio diversification is the process in which you allocate some portion of the portfolio to different asset classes (such as gold, equity, etc.).
Imagine you invested your entire portfolio in equities and Covid-19 happens. While the market started recovery a month after the correction but it dampens your liquidity and financial preparedness.
So, what is the purpose of diversification?
Simply put, the fundamental purpose is to minimize the risk on your investments; specifically, the specific risk associated with the market.
How do you diversify?
An investor can spread out investments by way of the following –
1. Spread out your investments
Investing in equities is good, but that doesn’t mean you should put all your wealth in the same investments. It would help if you also considered investing in other asset classes such as gold, real estate, fixed deposits, etc.
2. Explore other investment avenues
Consider adding You could also add other investment options and assets to your portfolio.
Mutual funds, bonds, real estate, and pension plans are other investments you can consider. Also, make sure that the securities vary in risk and follow different market trends.
3. Consider index or bond funds
Adding index funds to your portfolio is a sound strategy to be with the market. These are highly cost-effective investment instruments.
Merely investing in an index fund, your wealth would have grown 1.45x in 71 months (see chart below).
|Amount Invested||Rs 7,10,000|
|Amount Accumulated||Rs 10,27,616|
|Annual Returns, XIRR (%)||12.38|
4. Consider adding foreign assets
While India offers a great story of growth considering its young population, we cannot rule out the volatile currency of the economy.
For goals such as sending a child abroad for education, you must diversify currency risk. The rupee has depreciated at 5% over 10 years, thereby getting devalued.
Also, it is seen that USD-dominated assets have performed well over the years, generating 10% annual returns against Indian assets that generated 7%.
|Date||100 USD in Sensex||100 USD in DJIA||100 USD in Sensex||100 USD in DJIA|
Source: Yahoo Finance, BSE India, EduFund Research
Reasons for performance
- DJIA grew at 10% CAGR in past years ending Sep-2020 whereas Sensex grew at 7% CAGR during the period
- The rupee has depreciated at 4.8% CAGR over 10 years ending Sep-2020
One of the significant and most important benefits of diversification is that the portfolio can absorb shocks during a market downturn.
The risk gets evenly spread out across asset classes, and if you are saving for an investment, the likelihood of you getting derailed from your track gets minimal.
- Diversification is a strategy that allows mixing a wide variety of investments in a portfolio.
- A portfolio can be diversified as per asset class both within the class and also geographically
- Diversification helps in optimizing risk-adjusted returns
Why is portfolio diversification important?
Diversifying your portfolio helps you strategize your investment by lowering the risk and maintaining stable returns.
Which mutual fund is more diversified?
Some of the most diversified funds for 2023 are Edelweiss Focused Equity Fund (Growth), ITI Value Fund (Growth), Canara Robeco Focused Equity Fund (Growth), etc.
What are the different asset classes for investment?
The different types of asset classes for investment include – money market vehicles or cash equivalents, commodities, stocks, real estate, bonds, and cryptocurrency.
Consult an expert advisor to get the right plan