Private vs Public school

Private vs Public school: Where to send your child?

The competition between private and public schools has been there ever since they came into existence. But the question is, which one is better? Which option would prove to be advantageous for your children?  

This topic envisages the parents to decide among the two most popular types of schools. 

Let’s understand private vs public schools and which might be more beneficial for you and your child. 

What are private and public schools?

A private school is an autonomous body that generates the funds through different types of fees that the students have to pay.  

It includes tuition fees, maintenance fees, lab fees, and so on. Furthermore, private schools also get endowments and private grants.  

Usually, these schools teach things that go above the level of the prescribed curriculum. It helps in catering to the students who might be gifted or belong to other nationalities. 

A public school, on the other hand, is funded by the government and students need not pay anything in most cases.  

The district charts out the curriculum which has to be followed by these public schools. Also, they do not have the right to deny admission to any student living in the school’s residential area.  

People have different preconceived notions about both private and public schools which may or may not be true in all cases.  

Usually, private schools are considered to be on the costlier side which provides all-around development for a child.  

On the other hand, public schools are considered to be for those people who cannot afford to send their child to a private school. The curriculum is also said to be low-grade with an environment that is shoddy and less maintained.  

Hence, it is important to analyze the pros and cons of both private and public schools.

private school vs public school

Comparison of major differences between private and public schools

1. Education and Curriculum 

The education and curriculum of private and public schools are quite different. The curriculum of a private school is decided by the governing body to which the school is affiliated.  

Whereas, public schools have the same curriculum pan India. Certain bodies have the right and power to provide affiliations to schools such as the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (ISCE), States Boards, the Central Board, and so on.

2. Teaching staff 

The teaching staff of private schools has to undergo a rigorous selection procedure where their knowledge and qualifications are verified. This is done so that the best set of teachers is selected to educate the students.  

On the contrary, there is a lack of recruitment of teachers in public schools. According to the Right of Education Act, 2009 for every 30 students, there should be one teacher allocated.

But, this does not happen to all the classes of a government school. During a survey conducted in 2016, it was found that there is one teacher for every 90 students in a government school, which does not serve the purpose.  

Hence, the quality of education for your children might be put at stake.

Additional read: What is the cost of school education in India?

3. Accreditation Board

The accreditation boards of both public and private schools are different. Private schools can be under any board such as CBSE, CISCE, and so on. Public schools majorly function under the state boards and CBSE.

4. Denial of Admission 

Private schools have the right to deny your child’s admission if they do not agree to a certain thing. They ask for documents and have several other requirements.

If you are unable to provide those documents or if the school management finds some error in them, they might withdraw your child’s application.  

On the other hand, public schools cannot deny admission to your child according to Section 15 of the Indian Constitution.

According to this act, all children have the right to free and compulsory education under the age group of 6 to 14. It has been mentioned in the RTE Act of 2010.

Additional read: Additional school fees parents need to pay in 2022

5. Transportation 

In private schools, the management arranges buses or other vehicles for easy transportation of the students. Students may or may not opt for those.

The transportation cost in private schools is usually between Rs 1,500 to Rs 4,000 per month depending on the student’s residence. Sometimes, students even rent a private vehicle to go to school.  

In the case of public schools, most of the students are from a nearby locality. The school arranges for a vehicle that can pick and drop them off.

The transportation cost is usually Rs 500 to Rs 1,500 per month depending on the distance of the stoppage.

private school vs public schools

6. Fees 

The total cost paid to the school has to be one of the most important points when we compare private and public schools.  

Private schools tend to be on the costlier side because of the facilities that they provide. If you take the example of Tagore International Public School situated in Delhi, you will get to know that they charge Rs 7,652 per month for grade 1, which is quite a lot compared to a public school.  

Some might be extremely expensive but most middle-class families can afford to send their children to a private school these days. Certain private schools are not that expensive such as 

Schools Monthly Fees 
Shri Ram Centennial School, Indore Rs 4,300 per month 
SRN International School, Jaipur Rs 3,500 per month 
Saint John’s Academy, Allahabad Rs 3,996 per month 
RPS Residential School, Patna Rs 2,650 per month 
St. Joseph’s Convent School, Panchgani Rs 3,340 per month 

On the other hand, public schools are usually only opted for by students whose family income is less than 2 lakhs per annum.  

A child studying in a government school in India won’t need anything more than Rs 20,000 per annum.  

Did you know that around 6 crore Indian students are enrolled in privately managed schools? This accounts for around 4.5 lakh schools in India.  

The system of education in India is quite different and may or may not please everyone in the country. There are different options that parents can explore.

Although private schools attract parents more for their child’s better education, public schools have also been working on the same.

Certain government schools based in Delhi have been going through major revamping. In the near future, we can expect both types of schools to provide the best quality of education.

Consult an expert advisor to get the right plan for you

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