short term vs long term investments

Short term vs long term investments. All you need to know

In the financial markets, there is no other way to quickly build riches. Investing is a drawn-out process that calls for perseverance, dedication, and careful attention.

Both short-term and long-term investments are possible with your capital. Both investing types have significant benefits and drawbacks. Market professionals advise conducting adequate studies before making investments.

What is appropriate for one investor may not be compatible with your financial goals. As a result, you must consider both your willingness to accept risks and your overall goals.

What is a short-term investment?

Short-term investments are exchanged for a little time, usually up to three years. These instruments have great liquidity and typically offer fewer market risks. Short-term investments include the following categories of financial instruments:

  • Gilt Funds: These funds solely invest in government assets. These are secure investing options because there is no credit risk.
  • Treasury bills: These bills have a 91-day redemption period and are a highly liquid investment.
  • Ultra short-term debt funds: They have a three to six-month maturity duration and offer substantially greater returns.
  • Low duration debt funds: They have maturities of six to twelve months. These funds make investments in debt and products for the money market.
  • Fixed deposits held by companies: These may have a duration of longer than a year. One to five years are the terms for post office time deposits.
  • Recurring deposits: An RD can be opened for as short as six months.
  • Money Market Funds: Investments are made in money market instruments by money market funds, which have a one-year maximum redemption time.
  • Sweep-in-Fixed Deposits: With a minimum term of about a year, these give relatively greater returns compared to savings accounts’ modest rates of interest.
  • Bank fixed deposits: The maturity period can be between 14 days and 10 years. After they mature, these deposits may be renewed. Since some banks forbid early withdrawals, liquidity may be an issue.
  • Large-cap mutual funds: These funds put your money in businesses with large market capitalizations and offer reliable returns after only one to three years of investment. These funds are low-risk investments because they are made in well-known, huge corporations.
short term vs long term investments

What is a long-term investment?

Investments with a long-term objective, usually five years or more, normally have better returns. These have larger rewards and more market risks, enabling you to invest in risky market assets.

The following categories best describe these investing options:

1. Equity mutual funds

This is an additional long-term investment option that offers better returns. Long-term investing in small and mid-cap equities mutual funds can help you reach bigger financial objectives.

2. Stocks

A portion of a company’s value is physically represented by its stocks. To raise money for its operations, a firm will engage in an Initial Public Offering (IPO), following which its shares will be exchanged on stock exchanges.

The market offers returns on investments in equities that can reach 16%, the highest of any investment option. Stock trading has gotten simpler in the era of digital technology.

While investing in shares, you must have a strong understanding of the market. In order to determine when to buy and sell stocks, you must comprehend market fluctuations.

A dependable financial partner that can offer simple features for opening an online Demat Account and a trading account is necessary when investing in stocks and securities.

Additionally, keep an eye out for advantages like brokerage cashback, a free AMC period for Demat accounts, and no startup costs for Demat accounts. For the best chance of booking the most profit, make sure you have the best market reports.

Additional read: 6 hybrid funds

Short term vs Long term investment

As both have advantages and disadvantages, there is no obvious winner in this case. With lower risk, short-term investments enable you to quickly reach your financial objectives.

On the other side, you might choose long-term investing opportunities if you have a larger risk tolerance and prefer higher returns.

Choose short-term investments if you want to keep your money safe and are content with modest returns. However, if you want larger profits, you should invest in long-term investing opportunities.


Create your goals based on your needs and assess your risk tolerance to choose the right investment vehicles that suit your goals.

If you need help, you can reach out to the team of financial advisors on the EduFund app, who will be available to you for any information or advice regarding your portfolio.

Consult an expert advisor to get the right plan for you

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