US stock market timings

What is US stock marketing timing? All you need to know

The stock market is not just a trading hub but also a real-time tool for monitoring the state’s financial performance.  

Having one of the strongest economies in the world, the stock markets in the United States are one of the most financially rewarding avenues for people interested in investing in company shares, derivatives, bonds, futures, commodities, and other financial instruments, which is why foreign investors keep an eye on US market trading hours.  

Indian investors can now easily invest in the stock markets of the United States thanks to technological advancements. Through this article, you will get to know everything about the US stock market timing

Regular trading hours in US time 

The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and NASDAQ, in particular, open at 9.30 a.m. and close at 4 p.m. ET (Eastern Time), a time zone that encompasses the Eastern states of the United States and parts of Canada. On weekends and holidays, the stock exchanges are closed. 

Every year, there are a few market half-days. Depending on the calendar, they may fall on July 3 or 5, the day after Thanksgiving, and Christmas night. The NASDAQ and NYSE both close at 1 p.m. ET on certain half-days. 

Regular trading hours India time 

Investing in India is critical to account for the time difference between the United States and India. The NYSE and NASDAQ open and close at 8 p.m. (IST) and 2.30 a.m. (IST) respectively. 

Due to daylight saving time, this varies throughout the year (DST).  

Eastern Standard Time, or EST, is a time zone observed throughout the United States throughout the autumn and winter months.  

EDT is 9.5 hours behind IST because it is 4 hours behind Greenwich Mean Time (UTC – 4). 

US stock market timing
Source: Pixabay

Daylight saving time 

One factor to remember when it comes to stock market timing in the United States is the effect of daylight-saving time, which occurs when the country’s clocks are ahead by one hour.  

DST is observed from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November. The stock markets in the United States open at 7:00 p.m. IST and close at 1:30 a.m. IST

Eastern Daylight Time, or EDT, is observed during the summer and spring seasons. Compared to Greenwich Mean Time or UTC – 5, EST is 5 hours behind and 10.5 hours behind IST

Pre-market and after-hours trading hours 

Trading is done in the United States even outside of typical business hours. Pre-market trading runs from 8 a.m. to 9.30 a.m. ET, or 1:30 p.m. to 7 p.m. IST, while after-hours trading runs from 4 p.m. ET to 8 p.m. ET, or 1:30 a.m. IST to 5:30 a.m. IST.  

However, one should be mindful of the hazards because of the poor liquidity, low volume of participants, and volatility associated with pre-market and after-hours trading. The investing platform will determine whether one can invest pre-market or after-hours. 

The timings in IST for other US stock exchanges are given in the table below. 

NameStateOpening Bell (in IST)Closing Bell (in IST)
Boston Stock ExchangeMassachusettsIt was acquired by NASDAQ Inc. in 2007.
Chicago Stock ExchangeIllinois7:00 PM1:30 AM
International Securities ExchangeNew YorkIt is a wholly-owned subsidiary of NASDAQ Inc.
Miami Stock ExchangeFlorida7:00 PM1:30 AM
National Stock ExchangeNew JerseyThis was acquired by the NYSE in 2017 and is now traded as NYSE National.
Philadelphia Stock ExchangePennsylvaniaThis was also acquired by NASDAQ Inc. and is traded at NASDAQ as Nasdaq OMX PHLX.

The two largest stock exchanges in the United States, NYSE, and NASDAQ have bought the bulk of regional stock exchanges. As a result, regional time zones do not affect the timings of US stock markets in India. 

List of holidays observed by the US stock exchange
Holiday202220232024
New Year’s DayMonday, January 2 (New Year’s holiday observed)Monday, January 1
Martin Luther King, Jr. DayMonday, January 17Monday, January 16Monday, January 15
Washington’s BirthdayMonday, February 21Monday, February 20Monday, February 19
Good FridayFriday, April 15Friday, April 7Friday, March 29
Memorial DayMonday, May 30Monday, May 29Monday, May 27
Juneteenth National Independence DayMonday, June 20 (Juneteenth holiday observed)Monday, June 19Wednesday, June 19
Independence DayMonday, July 4Tuesday, July 4**Thursday, July 4**
Labor DayMonday, September 5Monday, September 4Monday, September 2
Thanksgiving DayThursday, November 24***Thursday, November 23***Thursday, November 28***
Christmas DayMonday, December 26 (Christmas holiday observed)Monday, December 25Wednesday, December 25****

** On Monday, July 3, 2023, and Wednesday, July 3, 2024, At 1:00 p.m., each market will close early (1:15 p.m. for qualified options). 

On these dates, Crossing Session orders will be accepted starting at 1:00 p.m. for continuous executions until 1:30 p.m., while the late trading sessions for NYSE American Equities, NYSE Arca Equities, NYSE Chicago, and NYSE National will close at 5:00 p.m. All times are in Eastern Standard Time. 

*** On Friday, November 25, 2022, Friday, November 24, 2023, and Friday, November 29, 2024, each market will close early at 1:00 p.m. (1:15 p.m. for qualified options) (the day after Thanksgiving).  

On these dates, Crossing Session orders will be accepted starting at 1:00 p.m. for continuous executions until 1:30 p.m., while the late trading sessions for NYSE American Equities, NYSE Arca Equities, NYSE Chicago, and NYSE National will close at 5:00 p.m. All times are in Eastern Standard Time. 

**** On Tuesday, December 24, 2024, each market will close early at 1:00 p.m. (1:15 p.m. for qualifying options).  

On this date, Crossing Session orders will be accepted starting at 1:00 p.m. for continuous executions until 1:30 p.m., while the late trading sessions for NYSE American Equities, NYSE Arca Equities, NYSE Chicago, and NYSE National will close at 5:00 p.m. All times are in Eastern Standard Time.

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