XIRR in mutual funds

What is XIRR in mutual funds? All you need to know

Whenever you invest in real estate, stocks, mutual funds, etc., you usually measure the returns by calculating the value of your total principal investment. For instance, let’s assume that you have invested INR 10 lakhs in a mutual fund scheme. Over a specific time period, it doubles and gives you INR 20 lakhs.  

However, there are certain intricacies you should be aware of. The investor of a mutual fund scheme should know the time duration in which their investments doubled. For instance, it is extremely worrying for investors if their funds double in 50 years.  

Hence, the duration in which the investment doubles is a crucial factor. The two integral components of any mutual fund scheme are Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) and Extended Internal Rate of Return (XIRR). So, if you are eager to invest in mutual funds, it’s important for you to know about XIRR in mutual funds. Here are some significant points you should know about XIRR.

Overview of XIRR in mutual fund schemes  

XIRR is a single rate of return that provides the current value of the entire investment when applied to each SIP. XIRR is your actual return on investment. It is a tool for calculating returns where many transactions happen at different times.

Usually, there are a series of investments in a SIP. At times, one can redeem a small amount from their investments. On the other hand, investors can pause several months of investments. In such instances calculating the returns become easier with XIRR. 

The necessity of XIRR in mutual funds  

Investment cash flows are dynamic. In other words, they are never evenly spaced out. It is standard for an investment scheme to have early withdrawals or late deposits. Investors can skip a couple of months of installment.  

In these conditions, calculating the return from your investment scheme becomes difficult. However, with XIRR, you can easily calculate your returns. Fortunately, you can use the XIRR formula in Excel to calculate uneven cash flow intervals.

In case you don’t know, XIRR is the modification over the internal rate of return (IRR). It has additional flexibility as XIRR can assign dates to individuals’ cash flows in your portfolio.  

Why does XIRR make sense in mutual funds schemes? 

If you invest INR 4000, INR 9000, INR 4000, and INR 6500 in SIPs over the last five years and get INR 53000, your return is 22%. In most cases, the IRR is the resultant amount. With this concept, you can conclude how much you’ve earned from your investments. But in most modern-day mutual funds, the cash flow is not evenly distributed.  

Mutual funds are popular among investors as they allow them to invest and redeem at regular intervals. In other words, when the cash flows are distributed over a period, XIRR is an excellent feature to measure the returns.  

Moreover, if you are investing in mutual funds via a systematic investment plan (SIP) or redeeming via a systematic withdrawal plan (SWP), it is crucial to know about XIRR. XIRR will handle all these inconsistent cash flows. Furthermore, it can offer you clear insights into the status of your investments in mutual funds.    

XIRR-in-mutual-funds
source: freepik

How can you derive XIRR in excel? 

Here is the step-by-step process of calculating XIRR for your mutual funds in MS Excel.  

  • Enter all your SIPs or transactions in one column in negative. Wherever there is an interest inflow, show it as a positive figure. The additional lump sum amount should be entered as negative again.  
  • In the corresponding column, add the date of the transaction.  
  • In the last row, mention the current value of your portfolio in mutual funds. You should also input the correct date.  
  • Now you can use the XIRR function (in excel). XIRR usually contains values, dates, etc.  
  • You should choose values for a series of cash flows that relate to payments based on dates. The column made separately for the date is applicable. Input the values accordingly. Note that the guessing parameter is optional.  

Use of CAGR  

Most investors inquire whether they can use CAGR to calculate their returns. When we want to invest in a mutual fund, we usually check its returns over the past three or five years.

These returns are typically point-to-point returns. In lots of mutual funds, investors use CAGR to calculate returns. However, if you have personal investments in mutual funds, it is worthwhile to rely on XIRR.   

As you can see, XIRR is the most appropriate way to know the investment returns. While CAGR helps you to select mutual funds properly, XIRR is essential to assess the returns you get from your investments in mutual funds.

In other words, when you have a series of investments over time, always rely on XIRR. XIRR is probably the best method to calculate returns for your mutual fund.

Consult an expert advisor to get the right plan for you 

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